Mauritius: Objective of achieving 50% of agriculture switched to a more sustainable agriculture. As a result of the country’s economic success and diversification,agriculture share of GDP and employment in Mauritius has declined in recent years. Through the sustainable Diversified Agri-food Strategy the government is focused on facilitating commercial production of food crops to ensure food security and quality, foreign exchange savings and sustainable development. An emphasis of more productive and resource efficient modes of agricultural production will ensure successful implementation of this strategy. National Level Implementation and Coordination The Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Consumer Protection and Enterprise Mauritius will be responsible for the implementation and coordination of the project. Major stakeholders, including the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, MID Commission, Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Consumer Protection as well as Enterprise Mauritius, Joint Economic Council, are part of the coordinating committee. The private sector will also be requested to be part of the committee. Structure of the Agricultural Sector: The high-level policy in the Strategic Plan 2016 – 2020 is clear in its objective of achieving 50% of agriculture switched to a more sustainable agriculture. The definition of organic/bio/sustainable agriculture has been the subject of debates both in the public andprivate sector institutions. There is consensus that a phased approach is needed to switch to organic agriculture and a 3-level system has been proposed. The Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture (MCA) is promoting ‗l‘Agriculture Raisonnée‘, while the Government has set up the MauriGAP Certification Scheme which is the Level 1 in the process to move to Good Agricultural Practices(GAP).
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Agriculture employing 65.6% of the labour force. Agriculture is the main stay of the Ugandan economy employing 65.6% of the labour force and contributing 21% to the GDP. Sustainable agriculture is one of the priority areas identified in the national SCP programme that was developed in 2011. The country has taken steps to transform the agriculture sector from subsistence farming to commercial agriculture through programmes such as Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture (PMA) and National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) Click here to visit the Uganda Country Page
Agriculture contributes 4% to South Africa’s GDP Agriculture contributes 4% to South Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) and consists largely of cattle and sheep farming, with only 13% of land used for growing crops. The government is working to develop smallscale farming in efforts to boost job creation. The greatest limitation is the availability of water, due to uneven and unreliable rainfall. Farming remains vitally important to the economy as it is estimated that around 8.5-million people are directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture for their employment and income. Click here to visit the South Africa Country Page for more information..
Agriculture employing over three quarters of the population. Agriculture is a cornerstone of Kenya’s economy employing over three quarters of the population. The main source of environmental degradation in Kenya is deforestation caused by over-dependence on agriculture fuelled by population growth. A shift to more productive and resource efficient modes of agricultural production with less associated use of synthetic chemicals, pollution and land degradation is required. Kenya derives roughly 42% of GDP from natural resource sectors (agriculture), which also account for more than 70% of employment. Extreme weather events such as droughts and floods are increasingly affecting food security and agricultural production and have contributed to high vulnerability and degradation of land and desertification. Under the Kenya Vision 2030, the government is implementing a number of policies and initiatives such as increased investment in renewable energy, promotion of resource efficient and sustainable production and waste management to transform the country into a newly industrialising, middle income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens in a clean and secure environment. Click here to visit the Kenya Country Page