COUNTRY SCOPE: Kenya, Uganda, Mauritius, South Africa.
MAURITIUS: As a result of the country’s economic success and diversification,agricultures share of GDP and employment in Mauritius has declined in recent years. Through the sustainable Diversified Agri-food Strategy the government is focused on facilitating commercial production of food crops to ensure food security andquality, foreign exchange savings and sustainable development.
An emphasis of more productive and resource efficient modes of agricultural production will ensure successful implementation of this strategy.
UGANDA: Agriculture is the main stay of the Ugandan economy employing 65.6% of the labour force and contributing 21% to the GDP. Sustainable agriculture is one of the priority areas identified in the national SCP programme that was developed in 2011.
The country has taken steps to transform the agriculture sector from subsistence farming to commercial agriculture through programmes such as Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture (PMA) and National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS)
SOUTH AFRICA: Agriculture contributes 4% to South Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) and consists largely of cattle and sheep farming, with only 13% of land used for growing crops. The government is working to develop smallscale farming in efforts to boost job creation. The greatest limitation is the availability of water, due to uneven and unreliable rainfall. Farming remains vitally important to the economy as it is estimated that around 8.5-million people are directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture for their employment and income.
KENYA: Agriculture is a cornerstone of Kenya’s economy employing over three quarters of the population. The main source of environmental degradation in Kenya is deforestation caused by over-dependence on agriculture fuelled by population growth. A shift to more productive and resource efficient modes of agricultural production with less associated use of synthetic chemicals, pollution and land degradation is required.