Uganda : Establishment of recycling industries offer major opportunities for poverty eradication.
Uganda is facing rapid urbanisation and increasing population at a rate of 5.1% and 3.3% per annum respectively, leading to overcrowding and the development of slums and informal settlements with poor waste management practices. Waste generation increases with increasing population growth and urbanisation and authorities are now overwhelmed by the sheer volume of waste generated. Integrated solid management interventions are necessary to build the national capacity for proper waste management that focuses on prevention of waste generation, waste minimisation, reuse/recycle and treatment before disposing of waste in an environmentally sound manner.
The establishment of recycling industries is one of the key components of integrated solid waste management as this will create jobs for the youth and women who are currently engaged in ‘scavenging’ at dumpsites of municipalities in conditions that expose them to health hazards. By valorising waste, these industries offer major opportunities for poverty eradication. National objectives are to ensure that 100% of urban areas have solid waste recycling systems and implement sorting at household level, and that by 2050, all types of generated solid wastes will be collected, reused, recycled and treated by modern, environmentally-friendly technologies, and the land filled waste will be minimized.
The National Environment Management Authority is coordinating a solid waste management composting project in twelve municipalities, a project that aims at emission reduction (reduction of methane gas through composting of organic solid waste).