Ghana: The government along with local waste managers has initiated a public-private partnership to build waste recycling plants.
The issue of collection, management and disposal of solid waste continues to feature prominently in major towns and cities across West Africa and in Ghana. The contamination of water bodies leading to spread of water-born diseases, health hazards from uncollected and decaying garbage, air contamination, garbage-chocked drains and gutters, plastic waste, and irresponsible disposal of refuse in communities are some of the challenges. The unavailability of properly engineered disposal sites and waste treatment plants and lack of expertise and appropriate technical know-how will also have to be addressed.
The problem of waste in Ghana is a direct result of a rapidly growing urban population, the changing patterns of population and consumption, the inherently more urbanised life‐style and the consequent industrialisation, and lack of waste management infrastructure. Currently, only about 6% of waste generated daily is collected nationwide. In addressing municipal waste in Ghana, the government along with local waste managers has initiated a public-private partnership to build waste recycling plants.
Further measures are required, such as promotion and investment in waste-to-energy technologies (biogas) involving agricultural waste, agro-processing industrial waste and other industrial waste as well as domestic sewage/waste water.