Ghana: The sector accounts for over 36% of the total industrial output and has a contribution of about 9% to the GDP.
Manufacturing (including agro-processing): The sector accounts for over 36% of the total industrial output and has a contribution of about 9% to the GDP. Manufacturing provides employment for over 250,000 people. There are around 25,000 registered firms, though more than 80% of them are small size enterprises and around 55% of them are located within the Greater Accra/Tema region. The sector is underdeveloped and is characterised by a narrow industrial base dominated by agro-industries.
Subsidiaries of multinational companies have a strong presence in the country, but there are also many medium sized local companies. The World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report (2012-13) reflects the relatively unsophisticated production process in Ghana. The manufacturing industry sector of Ghana has over the years successfully implemented a number of SCP initiatives such as implementation of pollution prevention measures that include cleaner production measures and applying the PRE-SME toolkit. However, these remain isolated examples, which urgently would need to be scaled up and replicated.
The Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy and the long-term development plan outline strategies to ensure the growth of the sector in a sustainable manner. Both the energy and water policies aim at ensuring efficient use of energy and water respectively in the various sectors including the manufacturing sector. The recent establishment of an NCPC in Ghana provides an important foundation for this scaling up and replication