Agriculture is a cornerstone of Kenya’s economy employing over three quarters of the population. The main source of environmental degradation in Kenya is deforestation caused by over-dependence on agriculture fuelled by population growth. A shift to more productive and resource efficient modes of agricultural production with less associated use of synthetic chemicals, pollution and land degradation is required.
Kenya derives roughly 42% of GDP from natural resource sectors (agriculture), which also account for more than 70% of employment. Extreme weather events such as droughts and floods are increasingly affecting food security and agricultural production and have contributed to high vulnerability and degradation of land and desertification. Under the Kenya Vision 2030, the government is implementing a number of policies and initiatives such as increased investment in renewable energy, promotion of resource efficient and sustainable production and waste management to transform the country into a newly industrialising, middle income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens in a clean and secure environment.